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Bladder Cancer clinical trials at UC Cancer

30 research studies open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • 9-ING-41 in Patients With Advanced Cancers

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    GSK-3β is a potentially important therapeutic target in human malignancies. The Actuate 1801 Phase 1/2 study is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 9-ING-41, a potent GSK-3β inhibitor, as a single agent and in combination with cytotoxic agents, in patients with refractory cancers.

    at UCSF

  • A Study of Enfortumab Vedotin Alone or With Other Therapies for Treatment of Urothelial Cancer

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This study will test an experimental drug (enfortumab vedotin) alone and with different combinations of anticancer therapies. Pembrolizumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor (CPI) that is used to treat patients with cancer of the urinary system (urothelial cancer). This type of cancer includes cancer of the bladder, renal pelvis, ureter or urethra. Some parts of the study will look at locally-advanced and metastatic urothelial cancer, which means the cancer has spread to nearby tissues or to other areas of the body. Other parts of the study will look at muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), which is cancer at an earlier stage that has spread into the muscle wall of the bladder. This study will look at the side effects of enfortumab vedotin alone and with other anticancer therapies. A side effect is a response to a drug that is not part of the treatment effect. This study will also test if the cancer shrinks with the different treatment combinations.

    at UC Irvine UCSD UCSF

  • A Study of Experimental Combination Treatment with Chemotherapy, Nivolumab, and / or BMS-986205 for Bladder Cancer

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    A study to evaluate nivolumab + chemotherapy or nivolumab/ BMS-986205 + chemotherapy followed by continued Immuno-Oncology therapy after radical cystectomy (RC) compared with neoadjuvant standard of care (SOC) chemotherapy alone in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC)

    at UC Davis

  • A Study of Intravesical BCG in Combination With ALT-803 in Patients With Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This is a Phase Ib/IIb, randomized, two-cohort, open-label, multicenter study of intravesical ALT-803 plus BCG versus BCG alone, in BCG naïve patients with high-grade NMIBC.

    at UC Davis UCLA

  • A Study of RO7198457 as a Single Agent and in Combination With Atezolizumab in Participants With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Tumors

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This is a Phase 1a/1b, open-label, multicenter, global, dose-escalation study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, immune response, and pharmacokinetics of RO7198457 as a single agent and in combination with atezolizumab (MPDL3280A, an engineered anti-programmed death-ligand 1 [anti-PD-L1] antibody).

    at UCSF

  • A Study of Stimulator of Interferon Genes (STING) Agonist E7766 in Non-muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (NMIBC) Including Participants Unresponsive to Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) Therapy, INPUT-102

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This is an open label, multicenter, phase 1/1b study to assess safety/tolerability and preliminary clinical activity of E7766 as a single agent administered intravesically in participants with NMIBC. Both intermediate risk and BCG-unresponsive NMIBC participants will be included.

    at UCLA

  • A Study of the Experimental Combination of Chemoradiotherapy and Atezolizumab For Localized Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This phase III trial studies how well chemotherapy and radiation therapy work with or without atezolizumab in treating patients with localized muscle invasive bladder cancer. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, cisplatin, fluorouracil and mitomycin-C, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving atezolizumab with radiation therapy and chemotherapy may work better in treating patients with localized muscle invasive bladder cancer compared to radiation therapy and chemotherapy without atezolizumab.

    at UC Davis UC Irvine UCSD

  • A Study of the Experimental Medicine Olaparib For Advanced Urothelial Cancer With DNA-Repair Defects

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This phase II trial studies how well olaparib works in treating patients with urothelial cancer with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-repair defects that has spread to other places in the body (advanced or metastatic) and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment. Olaparib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

    at UC Davis UCSD

  • An Experimental Treatment With Pembrolizumab in Treating Patients With Advanced Bladder Cancer

    “This study will use MK-3475 to stimulate your immune system to treat muscle-invasive bladder cancer.”

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This randomized phase III trial studies how well pembrolizumab works in treating patients with bladder cancer that has spread into the deep muscle of the bladder wall (muscle-invasive) or urothelial cancer that has spread from where it started to nearby tissue or lymph nodes (locally advanced). Monoclonal antibodies recognizing and blocking checkpoint molecules can enhance the patient's immune response and therefore help fight cancer. Pembrolizumab is one of the monoclonal antibodies that block the PD-1 axis and can interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow.

    at UC Davis UCSD

  • Blue Light Cystoscopy With Cysview® Registry

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    Registry study to gather more information on the current use of Blue Light Cystoscopy with Cysview (BLCC) in urologists' practices.

    at UCSF

  • CPI-006 Alone and in Combination With Ciforadenant and With Pembrolizumab for Patients With Advanced Cancers

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This is a Phase 1/1b open-label, dose escalation and dose expansion study of CPI-006, a humanized monoclonal antibody (mAb) targeting the CD73 cell-surface ectonucleotidase in adult subjects with select advanced cancers. CPI-006 will be evaluated as a single agent, in combination with ciforadenant (an oral adenosine 2A receptor antagonist), in combination with pembrolizumab (an anti-PD1 antibody), and in combination with ciforadenant and pembrolizumab.

    at UCSF

  • Durvalumab+ Gemcitabine/Cisplatin (Neoadjuvant Treatment) and Durvalumab (Adjuvant Treatment) in Patients With MIBC

    open to eligible people ages 18-130

    A Global Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Durvalumab in Combination with Gemcitabine+Cisplatin for Neoadjuvant Treatment and Durvalumab Alone for Adjuvant Treatment in Patients with Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

    at UCLA

  • Efficacy and Safety of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Combination With Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in High-Risk Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (HR NMIBC) (MK-3475-676/KEYNOTE-676)

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This study is designed to assess the antitumor efficacy and safety of pembrolizumab in combination with BCG, compared to BCG monotherapy, in participants with HR NMIBC that is persistent or recurrent following adequate BCG induction. The primary hypothesis is that the combination of pembrolizumab plus BCG has a superior complete response rate (CRR) as assessed by central pathology review compared to BCG in participants with carcinoma in situ (CIS).

    at UC Irvine UCLA

  • Experimental Treatment with Atezolizumab in Localized Bladder Cancer

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This is a single arm, open label Phase II study of MPDL3280A, an anti-PD-L1 antibody administered as neoadjuvant therapy to subjects with either BCG-refractory non-muscle invasive transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder, or muscle-invasive TCC appropriate for cystectomy and refusing or ineligible for neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Enrolled patients will be assigned sequentially to dose levels in cohorts of 6 patients per dose level. The starting dose level is 1200mg x 1 dose and will be escalated in subsequent cohorts to 1200mg q 3 weeks x 2 doses, and finally 1200mg q 3 weeks x 3 doses to determine the impact of increasing number of treatments on the modulated immune response with the tumor tissue. Subjects with adverse pathology (pT3/pT4 or N+) will be offered the option of adjuvant MPDL3280A for up to 16 cumulative cycles of treatment. After all neoadjuvant study therapy is administered, each subject will undergo cystectomy to evaluate pathologic response to treatment and for immunologic characterization in the resected tissue. Serum and urine will be obtained as well to characterize circulating immune responses. After the multi-dose portion of the study has completed accrual two expansion cohorts of up to 15 patients each with Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) or Non-metastatic muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) will be accrued at the highest dose level for further characterization of safety, efficacy, and immunologic analysis. Patients with pT3, pT4, or N+ disease at the time of cystectomy and no metastatic disease will be offered the option of adjuvant MPDL3280A for up to a total of 16 cumulative cycles. All subjects will be followed clinically for up to 2 years to assess for disease recurrence.

    at UC Davis UCSF

  • Measuring Surgical Recovery After Radical Cystectomy

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The intent of this study is to establish a registry of post-surgical outcomes in patients undergoing radical cystectomy at MD Anderson Cancer Center and the collaborating institutions. The goals of this initiative are to obtain a detailed baseline of multiple patient-reported outcomes (PRO) and clinician-reported outcomes (CRO) as well as various presenting conditions associated with them, so that future quality improvement interventions can be evaluated accurately as to their relative contribution to improved outcomes.

    at UCSF

  • Molecular Biosensors for Detection of Bladder Cancer

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This project focuses on developing specific and sensitive detectors of biomarker-based signatures associated with diagnosed and recurrent bladder cancer.

    at UC Irvine

  • Neoadjuvant Nivolumab With and Without Urelumab in Cisplatin-Ineligible or Chemotherapy-refusing Patients With Muscle-Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This study evaluates the post cystectomy CD8+ tumor response of patients receiving Nivolumab plus Urelumab versus Nivolumab alone. Half the patients will receive Nivolumab plus Urelumab, while the other half will receive Nivolumab alone.

    at UCLA

  • Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Rare Tumors

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This phase II trial studies nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare tumors. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This trial enrolls participants for the following cohorts based on condition: 1. Epithelial tumors of nasal cavity, sinuses, nasopharynx: A) Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx and trachea (excluding laryngeal, nasopharyngeal cancer [NPC], and squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck [SCCHN]) B) Adenocarcinoma and variants of nasal cavity, sinuses, and nasopharynx (closed to accrual 07/27/2018) 2. Epithelial tumors of major salivary glands (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 3. Salivary gland type tumors of head and neck, lip, esophagus, stomach, trachea and lung, breast and other location (closed to accrual) 4. Undifferentiated carcinoma of gastrointestinal (GI) tract 5. Adenocarcinoma with variants of small intestine (closed to accrual 05/10/2018) 6. Squamous cell carcinoma with variants of GI tract (stomach small intestine, colon, rectum, pancreas) (closed to accrual 10/17/2018) 7. Fibromixoma and low grade mucinous adenocarcinoma (pseudomixoma peritonei) of the appendix and ovary (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 8. Rare pancreatic tumors including acinar cell carcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma or serous cystadenocarcinoma. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is not eligible 9. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 10. Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and bile duct tumors (closed to accrual 03/20/2018) 11. Sarcomatoid carcinoma of lung 12. Bronchoalveolar carcinoma lung. This condition is now also referred to as adenocarcinoma in situ, minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, lepidic predominant adenocarcinoma, or invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma 13. Non-epithelial tumors of the ovary: A) Germ cell tumor of ovary B) Mullerian mixed tumor and adenosarcoma (closed to accrual 03/30/2018) 14. Trophoblastic tumor: A) Choriocarcinoma (closed to accrual) 15. Transitional cell carcinoma other than that of the renal, pelvis, ureter, or bladder (closed to accrual) 16. Cell tumor of the testes and extragonadal germ tumors: A) Seminoma and testicular sex cord cancer B) Non seminomatous tumor C) Teratoma with malignant transformation (closed to accrual) 17. Epithelial tumors of penis - squamous adenocarcinoma cell carcinoma with variants of penis 18. Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the genitourinary (GU) system 19. Spindle cell carcinoma of kidney, pelvis, ureter 20. Adenocarcinoma with variants of GU system (excluding prostate cancer) (closed to accrual 07/27/2018) 21. Odontogenic malignant tumors 22. Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) (formerly named: Endocrine carcinoma of pancreas and digestive tract.) (closed to accrual) 23. Neuroendocrine carcinoma including carcinoid of the lung (closed to accrual 12/19/2017) 24. Pheochromocytoma, malignant (closed to accrual) 25. Paraganglioma (closed to accrual 11/29/2018) 26. Carcinomas of pituitary gland, thyroid gland parathyroid gland and adrenal cortex (closed to accrual) 27. Desmoid tumors 28. Peripheral nerve sheath tumors and NF1-related tumors (closed to accrual 09/19/2018) 29. Malignant giant cell tumors 30. Chordoma (closed to accrual 11/29/2018) 31. Adrenal cortical tumors (closed to accrual 06/27/2018) 32. Tumor of unknown primary (Cancer of Unknown Primary; CuP) (closed to accrual 12/22/2017) 33. Not Otherwise Categorized (NOC) Rare Tumors [To obtain permission to enroll in the NOC cohort, contact: S1609SC@swog.org] (closed to accrual 03/15/2019) 34. Adenoid cystic carcinoma (closed to accrual 02/06/2018) 35. Vulvar cancer (temporarily closed to accrual) 36. MetaPLASTIC carcinoma (of the breast) (closed to accrual) 37. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) (closed to accrual 09/26/2018) 38. Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) 39. Apocrine tumors/extramammary Paget's disease (closed to accrual) 40. Peritoneal mesothelioma (temporarily closed to accrual 05/08/2020) 41. Basal cell carcinoma (temporarily closed to accrual 04/29/2020) 42. Clear cell cervical cancer 43. Esthenioneuroblastoma (closed to accrual) 44. Endometrial carcinosarcoma (malignant mixed Mullerian tumors) (closed to accrual) 45. Clear cell ovarian cancer (closed to accrual) 46. Gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) 47. Gallbladder cancer 48. Small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type 49. PD-L1 amplified tumors 50. Angiosarcoma 51. High-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma (pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor [PNET] should be enrolled in Cohort 22; prostatic neuroendocrine carcinomas should be enrolled into Cohort 52). Small cell lung cancer is not eligible (temporarily closed to accrual 03/25/2020) 52. Treatment-emergent small-cell neuroendocrine prostate cancer (t-SCNC)

    at UC Davis UC Irvine UCSD

  • Patient-Derived Xenografts to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities

    open to eligible people ages 21-100

    This trial establishes patient-derived cancer xenografts in addressing cancer health and treatment disparities that disproportionately affect racial/ethnic minorities. Understanding the genetic and response differences among racial/ethnic minorities may help researchers enhance the precision of therapeutic treatments.

    at UC Davis UC Irvine

  • Pembrolizumab and Docetaxel or Gemcitabine Hydrochloride in Treating Patients Urothelial Cancer

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of pembrolizumab when given together with docetaxel or gemcitabine hydrochloride in treating patients with previously treated urothelial cancer that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment (advanced) or that has spread from the primary site (place where it started) to other places in the body (metastatic). Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel and gemcitabine hydrochloride, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pembrolizumab together with docetaxel or gemcitabine hydrochloride may be a better treatment for urothelial cancer.

    at UC Davis

  • Pembrolizumab With Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Participants With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Small Cell/Neuroendocrine Cancers of Urothelium or Prostate

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This phase Ib trial studies how well pembrolizumab works with combination chemotherapy in treating participants with small cell/neuroendocrine cancers of the urothelium or prostate that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes or that has spread to other places in the body. Monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as etoposide, docetaxel, cisplatin, and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pembrolizumab with platinum-based chemotherapy may work better in treating participants with small cell/neuroendocrine cancers of the urothelium or prostate.

    at UCLA

  • Phase I-II, FIH, TROP2 ADC, Advanced Unresectable/Metastatic Solid Tumors, Refractory to Standard Therapies

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    A Phase I-II, First-in-Human Study of SKB264 in Patients with Locally Advanced Unresectable/Metastatic Solid Tumors who are refractory to Available Standard Therapies. Patient must have historically documented, incurable, locally advanced or metastatic cancer that are refractory to standard therapies of one of the following types: i. Ovarian epithelial cancer (Phase I only) ii. Gastric adenocarcinoma (Phase I-II) iii. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma (Phase I-II) iv. Triple negative breast cancer (Phase I only) v. Bladder cancer (Phase I-II)

    at UCLA

  • QUILT-3.032: A Multicenter Clinical Trial of Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in Combination With ALT-803 in Patients With BCG Unresponsive High Grade Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This is a Phase II, open-label, single-arm, multicenter study of intravesical BCG plus ALT-803 in patients with BCG unresponsive high grade non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). All patients treated in the study will receive via a urinary catheter in the bladder, BCG plus ALT-803 weekly for 6 consecutive weeks (initial induction treatment period). After the first disease assessment, eligible patients will receive either a 3-week maintenance course or a 6-week re-induction course (second treatment period) at Month 3. Eligible patients will continue to receive maintenance treatment in the third treatment period at Months 6, 9, 12, and 18. The study duration is 24 months.

    at UCLA

  • Radiation Therapy and Durvalumab With or Without Tremelimumab in Treating Participants With Unresectable, Locally Advanced, or Metastatic Bladder Cancer

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This phase II trial studies the side effects and how well radiation therapy and durvalumab with or without tremelimumab work in treating participants with bladder cancer that cannot be removed by surgery, has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes, or that has spread to other parts of the body. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab and tremelimumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. It is not yet known whether giving radiation therapy and durvalumab with or without tremelimumab will work better in treating participants with bladder cancer.

    at UCLA

  • Study looking at targeted chemotherapy and immunotherapy in treating patients with advanced/metastatic genitourinary tumors

    “Targeted chemotherapy and immunotherapy medicine with or without additional immunotherapy medicine to treat bladder/urothelial cancer”

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This phase I trial studies the side effects and best doses of cabozantinib s-malate and nivolumab with or without ipilimumab in treating patients with genitourinary (genital and urinary organ) tumors that have spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Cabozantinib s-malate may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. It is not yet known whether giving cabozantinib s-malate and nivolumab alone or with ipilimumab works better in treating patients with genitourinary tumors.

    at UC Davis

  • Study of an Immunotherapeutic, DPX-Survivac, in Combination With Low Dose Cyclophosphamide & Pembrolizumab, in Subjects With Selected Advanced & Recurrent Solid Tumors

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This study will assess the safety and efficacy of DPX-Survivac and low dose cyclophosphamide with pembrolizumab in subjects with selected advanced and recurrent solid tumours.

    at UCLA

  • Study of RP1 Monotherapy and RP1 in Combination With Nivolumab

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    RPL-001-16 is a Phase 1/2, open label, dose escalation and expansion clinical study of RP1 alone and in combination with nivolumab in adult subjects with advanced and/or refractory solid tumors, to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D), as well as to evaluate preliminary efficacy.

    at UCSF

  • Study of Sasanlimab (PF-06801591) in Combination With Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in Participants With High-Risk Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    CREST: Combination of sasanlimab and alternative BCG Regimens to Evaluate outcomes with Subcutaneous anti-PD-1 Treatment Phase 3 Design with 3 study Arms (A, B and C). Arms A and B consists of two study drugs, PF-06801591 plus BCG. Arm C consists of one study drug, BCG. The study is designed to demonstrate that PF-06801591 plus Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) (induction and maintenance periods) is superior to BCG alone (induction and maintenance periods) in prolonging event free survival (EFS) in participants with high-risk naïve non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) and to demonstrate that PF-06801591 plus BCG (induction period only) is superior to BCG alone (induction and maintenance periods) in prolonging EFS in participants with high-risk NMIBC.

    at UC Irvine

  • Targeted therapy directed by genetic testing in treating patients with advanced solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma

    “Will identifying genetic abnormalities in tumor cells help doctors plan better, more personalized treatment for cancer patients?”

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This phase II MATCH trial studies how well treatment that is directed by genetic testing works in patients with solid tumors or lymphomas that have progressed following at least one line of standard treatment or for which no agreed upon treatment approach exists. Genetic tests look at the unique genetic material (genes) of patients' tumor cells. Patients with genetic abnormalities (such as mutations, amplifications, or translocations) may benefit more from treatment which targets their tumor's particular genetic abnormality. Identifying these genetic abnormalities first may help doctors plan better treatment for patients with solid tumors, lymphomas, or multiple myeloma.

    at UC Davis UC Irvine UCSD

  • Testing the Effectiveness of Two Immunotherapy Drugs (Nivolumab and Ipilimumab) With One Anti-cancer Targeted Drug (Cabozantinib) for Rare Genitourinary Tumors

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    This phase II trial studies how well cabozantinib works in combination with nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare genitourinary (GU) tumors that have spread to other places in the body. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving cabozantinib, nivolumab, and ipilimumab may work better in treating patients with genitourinary tumors that have no treatment options compared to giving cabozantinib, nivolumab, or ipilimumab alone.

    at UCLA

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