Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
Location
at UC Davis UC Irvine UCSD UCSF
Dates
study started
Principal Investigator
by Loren K. Mell (ucsd)Rupali Nabar (uci)Sue S. Yom (ucsf)
Photo of Loren K. Mell
Loren K. Mell
Photo of Sue S. Yom
Sue S. Yom

Description

Summary

This phase II/III trial studies how well radiation therapy works when given together with cisplatin, docetaxel, cetuximab, and/or atezolizumab after surgery in treating patients with high-risk stage III-IV head and neck cancer the begins in the thin, flat cells (squamous cell). Specialized radiation therapy that delivers a high dose of radiation directly to the tumor may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin and docetaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Cetuximab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as atezolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. The purpose of this study is to compare the usual treatment (radiation therapy with cisplatin chemotherapy) to using radiation therapy with docetaxel and cetuximab chemotherapy, and using the usual treatment plus an immunotherapy drug, atezolizumab.

Official Title

Randomized Phase II/III Trial of Adjuvant Radiation Therapy With Cisplatin, Docetaxel-Cetuximab, or Cisplatin-Atezolizumab in Pathologic High-Risk Squamous Cell Cancer of the Head and Neck

Details

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To select the better docetaxel-based experimental arm to improve disease-free survival (DFS) over the control arm of radiation and cisplatin. (Phase II) (COMPLETE AS OF 20-MAR-2020) II. To determine if the combination of docetaxel-cetuximab and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is superior in terms of overall survival (OS) compared to standard cisplatin and IMRT in the adjuvant treatment of pathologic high risk, human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). (Phase III) III. To determine if the combination of atezolizumab, cisplatin, and IMRT is superior in terms of OS compared to standard cisplatin and IMRT in the adjuvant treatment of pathologic high risk, HPV-negative HNSCC. (Phase III) SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare disease-free survival (DFS) between each experimental arm and the control arm. (Phase III) II. To determine whether each experimental arm improves local-regional disease control and the rate of distant metastasis. (Phase III) III. To compare acute toxicity profiles between each experimental arm and the control arm. (Phase III) IV. To compare late toxicity profiles at 1, 3, and 5 years after treatment. (Phase III) V. To assess long term DFS and OS between each experimental arm and the control arm. (Phase III) VI. To compare symptom burden, as measured by the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory - Head and Neck (MDASI-HN) (primary patient reported outcome [PRO]), and quality of life, as measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Head and Neck (FACT-H&N) (secondary PRO), between each experimental arm and the control arm. (Phase III) EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVE: I. To collect blood and tissue specimens for future translational research. (Phase III) OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 arms - Phase II (Arms 1, 2 or 3) and for Phase III (Arms 1, 3 or 4). ARM 1: Patients undergo intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) once daily (QD) five days a week for 6 weeks and receive concurrent cisplatin intravenously (IV) over 1-2 hours once weekly for 6 weeks. ARM 2: Patients undergo IMRT as in Arm I and receive concurrent docetaxel IV over 60 minutes once weekly for 6 weeks. (CLOSED AS OF 20-MAR-2020) ARM 3: Patients receive cetuximab IV over 120 minutes on week 1 and over 60 minutes once weekly on weeks 2-7. Patients undergo IMRT as in Arm I and concurrently receive docetaxel once weekly for 6 weeks. ARM 4: Patients undergo IMRT QD five days a week for 6 weeks and receive concurrent cisplatin IV over 1-2 hours once weekly for 6 weeks. Starting 1 week before IMRT, patients also receive atezolizumab IV over 30-60 minutes every 3 weeks for up to 8 doses (weeks -1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, and 21) in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 1 and 3 months, every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

Keywords

Oropharyngeal p16INK4a-Negative Squamous Cell Carcinoma Stage III Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage III Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage III Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage III Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IV Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IV Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IV Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage IV Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVA Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVA Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVA Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage IVA Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVB Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVB Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Stage IVB Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7 Stage IVB Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7 Carcinoma Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Cisplatin Docetaxel Cetuximab Atezolizumab Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological Antibodies Immunoglobulins Antibodies, Monoclonal Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Quality-of-Life Assessment

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • PHASE II INCLUSION CRITERIA (COMPLETE AS OF 20-MAR-2020)
  • Pathologically (histologically or cytologically) proven diagnosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) involving the oral cavity (excluding lips), oropharynx (p16 negative), larynx, or hypopharynx
  • Patients must have undergone gross total surgical resection of high-risk oral cavity, oropharynx (p16 negative), larynx, or hypopharynx within 63 days prior to registration; Note: patients may have biopsy under general anesthesia in an operating room followed by definitive ablative cancer surgery representing gross total resection; the gross total resection has to be done within 63 days prior to registration; if, however, patients have ablative resection but shortly recur or are determined to have persisting disease requiring re-resection to achieve gross total resection, then the patient is not eligible
  • Patients must have at least 1 of the following high-risk pathologic features: extracapsular nodal extension or invasive cancer at the primary tumor resection margin (tumor on ink)
  • Pathologic stage III or IV HNSCC, including no distant metastases, based upon the following minimum diagnostic workup:
  • General history and physical examination by a radiation oncologist and/or medical oncologist within 84 days prior to registration;
  • Examination by an ear nose throat (ENT) or head & neck surgeon prior to surgery; a laryngopharyngoscopy (mirror and/or fiber optic and/or direct procedure), if appropriate, is recommended but not required; intra-operative examination is acceptable documentation
  • Pre-operative (op) Imaging of the head and neck: A neck computed tomography (CT) (with contrast) or CT/positron emission tomography (PET) (with contrast) and/or an magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the neck (T1 with gadolinium and T2) within 84 days prior to surgery; Note: this imaging data (diagnostic pre-operative scan showing gross disease) is to be submitted in Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) format via TRIAD; the report is to be uploaded into Rave
  • Chest CT scan (with or without contrast) or CT/PET that includes the chest (with or without contrast) either within 84 days prior to surgery or within 120 days prior to registration; Note: if the CT/PET with or without contrast is done within 84 days prior to surgery, it fulfills the chest imaging requirement
  • Zubrod performance status of 0-1 within 14 days prior to registration
  • Absolute granulocyte count (AGC) >= 1,500 cells/mm3 (obtained within 14 days prior to registration on study)

  • Platelets >= 100,000 cells/mm3 (obtained within 14 days prior to registration on study)

  • Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dl (Note: the use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve hemoglobin [Hgb] >= 8.0 g/dl is acceptable)
  • Total bilirubin < 2 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) within 14 days prior to registration
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 3 x institutional ULN within 14 days prior to registration
  • Serum creatinine institutional ULN within 14 days prior to registration or; creatinine clearance (CC) >= 50 ml/min within 14 days prior to registration determined by 24-hour collection or estimated by Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to registration for women of childbearing potential
  • The following assessments are required within 14 days prior to registration: sodium (Na), potassium (K), chloride (Cl), glucose, calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and albumin; Note: patients with an initial magnesium < 0.5 mmol/L (1.2 mg/dl) may receive corrective magnesium supplementation but should continue to receive either prophylactic weekly infusion of magnesium and/or oral magnesium supplementation (e.g., magnesium oxide) at the investigator's discretion
  • Patients with feeding tubes are eligible for the study
  • Women of childbearing potential and male participants who are sexually active must agree to use a medically effective means of birth control
  • Patient must provide study specific informed consent prior to study entry, including consent for mandatory tissue submission for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) analysis and for oropharyngeal cancer patients, human papilloma virus (HPV) analysis
  • PHASE III: Pathologically (histologically or cytologically) proven diagnosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) involving the oral cavity (excluding lips), oropharynx (p16 negative), larynx, or hypopharynx
  • PHASE III: Patients with oropharyngeal cancer must have p16-negative based on central review prior to Step 2 registration; all patients with oropharyngeal primary must consent for mandatory tissue submission for central p16 confirmation
  • PHASE III: Patients must have undergone gross total surgical resection of high-risk oral cavity, oropharynx (p16 negative), larynx, or hypopharynx within 63 days prior to registration; note: patients may have biopsy under general anesthesia in an operating room followed by definitive ablative cancer surgery representing gross total resection; the gross total resection has to be done within 63 days prior to registration; if, however, patients have ablative resection but shortly recur or are determined to have persisting disease requiring re-resection to achieve gross total resection, then the patient is not eligible
  • PHASE III: Patients must have at least 1 of the following high-risk pathologic features: extracapsular nodal extension or invasive cancer at the primary tumor resection margin (tumor on ink or tumor in a final separately submitted margin)
  • PHASE III: Pathologic stage III or IV HNSCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer [AJCC] 7th edition), including no distant metastases, based upon the following minimum diagnostic workup:
  • General history and physical examination by a radiation oncologist or medical oncologist within 84 days prior to registration;
  • Examination by an ENT or head & neck surgeon prior to surgery; a laryngopharyngoscopy (mirror or fiberoptic or direct procedure), if appropriate, is recommended but not required. Intra-operative examination is acceptable documentation.
  • Pre-op Imaging of the head and neck: A neck CT (with contrast and of diagnostic quality) or PET/CT (with contrast and of diagnostic quality) and/or an MRI of the neck of diagnostic quality (T1 with gadolinium and T2) within 84 days prior to surgery; Note: this imaging data (diagnostic pre-operative scan showing gross disease) is to be submitted in DICOM format via TRIAD. The report is to be uploaded into Rave.
  • Chest CT scan (with or without contrast) or PET/CT that includes the chest (with or without contrast) either within 84 days prior to surgery or within 120 days prior to registration; Note: If the PET/CT with or without contrast is done within 84 days prior to surgery, it fulfills the chest imaging requirement
  • PHASE III: Zubrod performance status of 0-1 within 14 days prior to registration
  • PHASE III: Leukocytes >= 2,500 cells/mm3 (obtained within 14 days prior to registration on study)

  • PHASE III: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500 cells/mm3 (obtained within 14 days prior to registration on study)

  • PHASE III: Platelets >= 100,000 cells/mm3 (obtained within 14 days prior to registration on study)

  • PHASE III: Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (Note: The use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve Hgb >= 8.0 g/dL is acceptable) (obtained within 14 days prior to registration on study)
  • PHASE III: Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) (however, patients with known Gilbert disease who have serum bilirubin level =< 3 x institutional ULN may be enrolled) (within 14 days prior to registration)
  • PHASE III: AST or ALT =< 3 x institutional ULN (within 14 days prior to registration)
  • PHASE III: Alkaline phosphatase =< 2.5 x institutional ULN (within 14 days prior to registration)
  • PHASE III: Creatinine clearance (CrCl) >= 50 mL/min within 14 days prior to registration determined by 24-hour collection or estimated by Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • PHASE III: Patients with feeding tubes are eligible for the study
  • PHASE III: Negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to registration for women of childbearing potential
  • PHASE III: All patients must provide study specific informed consent prior to study entry
  • PHASE III: Patients positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are allowed on study, but HIV-positive patients must have:
  • A stable regimen of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART);
  • No requirement for concurrent antibiotics or antifungal agents for the prevention of opportunistic infections;
  • A CD4 count above 250 cells/mcL and an undetectable HIV viral load on standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based tests

You CAN'T join if...

  • PHASE II EXCLUSION CRITERIA (COMPLETE AS OF 20-MAR-2020)
  • Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 1095 days (3 years); noninvasive cancers (for example, carcinoma in situ of the breast, oral cavity, or cervix are all permissible) are permitted even if diagnosed and treated < 3 years ago
  • Patients with simultaneous primaries or bilateral tumors are excluded, with the exception of patients with bilateral tonsil cancers or patients with T1-2, N0, M0 resected differentiated thyroid carcinoma, who are eligible
  • Prior systemic chemotherapy or anti-epidermal growth factor (EGF) therapy for the study cancer; note that prior chemotherapy for a different cancer is allowable
  • Prior radiotherapy to the region of the study cancer that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields
  • Severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows:
  • Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within 6 months prior to registration
  • Transmural myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to registration
  • Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of registration
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy at the time of registration
  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis or other severe interstitial lung disease that requires oxygen therapy or is thought to require oxygen therapy within 1 year prior to registration
  • Hepatic insufficiency resulting in clinical jaundice and/or coagulation defects; note, however, that laboratory tests for coagulation parameters are not required for entry into this protocol
  • Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) based upon current Centers for

Disease and Control and Prevention (CDC) definition; note: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing is not required for entry into this protocol; the need to exclude patients with AIDS from this protocol is necessary because the treatments involved in this protocol may be significantly immunosuppressive; protocol-specific requirements may also exclude immuno-compromised patients.

  • Grade 3-4 electrolyte abnormalities (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE], version [v.] 4):
  • Serum calcium (ionized or adjusted for albumin) < 7 mg/dl (1.75 mmol/L) or > 12.5 mg/dl (> 3.1 mmol/L) despite intervention to normalize levels
  • Glucose < 40 mg/dl (< 2.2 mmol/L) or > 250 mg/dl (> 14 mmol/L)
  • Magnesium < 0.9 mg/dl (< 0.4 mmol/L) or > 3 mg/dl (> 1.23 mmol/L) despite intervention to normalize levels
  • Potassium < 3.0 mmol/L or > 6 mmol/L despite intervention to normalize levels
  • Sodium < 130 mmol/L or > 155 mmol/L despite intervention to normalize levels
  • Pregnancy or women of childbearing potential and men who are sexually active and not willing/able to use medically acceptable forms of contraception; this exclusion is necessary because the treatment involved in this study may be significantly teratogenic
  • Prior allergic reaction to cetuximab
  • PHASE III: Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 1095 days (3 years) with the following exceptions: T1-2, N0, M0 resected differentiated thyroid carcinoma; Note that noninvasive cancers (For example, carcinoma in situ of the breast, oral cavity, or cervix) are permitted even if diagnosed and treated < 3 years ago
  • PHASE III: Patients with simultaneous primaries or bilateral tumors are excluded, with the exception of patients with bilateral tonsil cancers or patients with T1-2, N0, M0 resected differentiated thyroid carcinoma, who are eligible
  • PHASE III: Prior systemic therapy, including cytotoxic chemotherapy, biologic/targeted therapy (such as anti-EGF therapy), or immune therapy for the study cancer; note that prior chemotherapy for a different cancer is allowable, however, a prior anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent is not permitted
  • PHASE III: Prior radiotherapy to the region of the study cancer that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields
  • PHASE III: Severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows:
  • Patients with known history or current symptoms of cardiac disease, or history of treatment with cardiotoxic agents, should have a clinical risk assessment of cardiac function using the New York Heart Association Functional Classification; to be eligible for this trial, patients should be class 2B or better within 6 months prior to registration
  • Transmural myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to registration;
  • Severe infections within 4 weeks prior to registration including, but not limited to, hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia;
  • Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of registration; Note: Patients receiving prophylactic antibiotics (e.g., for prevention of a urinary tract infection or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation) are eligible.
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy at the time of registration;
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonitis (including drug induced), organizing pneumonia (i.e., bronchiolitis obliterans, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, etc.), or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan. History of radiation pneumonitis in a prior radiation field (fibrosis) is permitted, provided that field does not overlap with the planned radiation field for the study cancer;
  • Patients with active tuberculosis (TB) are excluded;
  • Known clinically significant liver disease, including active viral, alcoholic, or other hepatitis; cirrhosis; fatty liver; and inherited liver disease;
  • Patients with past or resolved hepatitis B infection (defined as having a negative hepatitis B surface ant

Locations

  • UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center accepting new patients
    La Jolla California 92093 United States
  • UC Irvine Health/Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center accepting new patients
    Orange California 92868 United States
  • University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center currently not accepting new patients, but might later
    Sacramento California 95817 United States
  • UCSF Medical Center-Mount Zion accepting new patients
    San Francisco California 94115 United States
  • Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center/Disney Family Cancer Center accepting new patients
    Burbank California 91505 United States

Lead Scientists at UC Cancer

  • Loren K. Mell (ucsd)
    Professor, Radiation Medicine and Applied Science. Authored (or co-authored) 140 research publications. Research interests: Personalized Medicine · Clinical Trials · Risk Modeling · Immune System · Imaging · Immunotherapy.
  • Rupali Nabar (uci)
  • Sue S. Yom (ucsf)
    I am a radiation oncologist who specializes in the treatment of head and neck, lung, and skin cancers. I serve on national guidelines committees outlining the best practices for these cancers. I design clinical trials to improve treatment of these cancers. I give lectures and design courses to help others learn more about how to best treat these cancers.

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Sponsor
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ID
NCT01810913
Phase
Phase 2/3
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated