for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by Albert J Chang (ucla)



This phase I/II trial investigates the side effects of interstitial brachytherapy and to see how well it works in limiting the growth of large kidney cancer masses in patients with kidney cancer that have refused or are unable to undergo surgery or ablation (unresectable/unablatable). Brachytherapy, also known as internal radiation therapy, temporarily introduces a radiation source into or near the tumor to eradicate the tumor cells. Giving brachytherapy may potentially reduce the size of the kidney cancer mass that would otherwise not be amenable to surgical management and translate into lower risk of spread.

Official Title

Prospective Study of Interstitial Brachytherapy for Unresectable/Unablatable T1b/T2a Renal Masses


PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the safety and feasibility of renal interstitial radiation therapy (interstitial brachytherapy). (Safety Lead-In) II. To evaluate local control of renal interstitial brachytherapy. (Expansion Phase) SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate treatment response of the primary tumor. II. To evaluate 12 month distant progression free survival. III. To evaluate the 12 month volumetric growth of the primary tumor mass. IV. To determine biomarkers predicting response and resistance to radiation treatment. OUTLINE: Patients undergo interstitial brachytherapy for 1-2 fractions in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who undergo 2 fractions may receive both fractions in the same day or on 2 separate days over 2 weeks. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for at least 3 years.


Stage I Renal Cell Cancer Stage II Renal Cell Cancer Carcinoma, Renal Cell Interstitial Radiation Therapy


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • Elected to undergo interstitial brachytherapy as part of conventional treatment for renal cell carcinoma
  • Biopsy proven renal cell carcinoma
  • No definitive evidence of locally advanced (nodal or tumor thrombus) or distant (metastatic) disease
  • Lesion size (maximal dimension) of 4 to 10 cm
  • Patient not a candidate for curative surgery (unwilling or unable to pursue surgery)
  • Lesion cannot be reliably treated with ablative techniques
  • Entire lesion able to be treated adequately by brachytherapy per radiation oncologist
  • Tumor predominantly solid (~ > 80%)
  • Lesion that has been observed for >= 6 months with demonstrable growth rate anticipated to be >= 4 mm/year by same imaging modality
  • Renal tumor that is amenable to percutaneous access for interstitial renal brachytherapy (Institutional Review Board [IRB])
  • Hemoglobin > 9
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/uL (microliter)
  • Platelets >= 100,000/uL
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3.0 upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Total bilirubin =< ULN
  • A competent immune system
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) >= 30
  • Good performance status (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group [ECOG]) < 2
  • Understanding and willingness to provide consent
  • No prior systemic treatment for kidney cancer
  • Women of childbearing potential must have negative pregnancy test at start of therapy

You CAN'T join if...

  • Presence of an active, untreated, non-renal malignancy
  • Uncontrolled medical illness including infections, hypertension, arrhythmias, heart failure, or myocardial infarction within 6 months
  • History of bleeding diathesis or recent bleeding episode
  • Need for urgent treatment of renal cancer due bleeding, pain, or paraneoplastic syndrome
  • Prior surgery or radiation therapy to the operative site
  • Unwillingness to undergo clinical and laboratory monitoring and/or imaging studies


  • UCLA / Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center accepting new patients
    Los Angeles California 90095 United States

Lead Scientist at UC Cancer

  • Albert J Chang (ucla)
    Associate Professor of Clinical , Radiation Oncology. Authored (or co-authored) 44 research publications.


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Phase 1/2
Study Type
Last Updated