for males ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at UC Davis
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
by Rashmi Verma, MD (ucdavis)



This phase I trial tests the safety and side effects of cyclophosphamide given together with dexamethasone in treating patients with castration resistant prostate cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Chemotherapy drugs, such as cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving low doses of cyclophosphamide daily may reduce side effects. Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid drug that is used to treat some of the problems caused by chemotherapy treatment. The combination of cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone may work better in treating patients with castration resistant prostate cancer.

Official Title

A Phase I Study of Oral Metronomic Dosing of Oral Cyclophosphamide With Dexamethasone for Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer


PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the feasibility of using the combination of oral metronomic cyclophosphamide and oral dexamethasone for treatment of men with metastatic castration -resistant prostate Cancer (mCRPC) who have progressed on 2 or more prior treatments. II. To assess the safety of cyclophosphamide + dexamethasone in men with mCRPC who have progressed on 2 or more prior treatments. SECONDARY OBJECTIVE:I. To evaluate prostate specific antigen (PSA) response and progression free survival and time to event outcome in participants with mCRPC treated with cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone. EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVE: I. To analyze serial blood samples for PSA monitoring and tumor tissue for pRb (encoded by the RB1 gene) and p53 (encoded by the TP53 gene) mutations. OUTLINE: Patients receive cyclophosphamide orally (PO) once daily (QD) and dexamethasone PO QD on days 1-28 of each cycle. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days and then every 3 months thereafter.


Castration-Resistant Prostate Carcinoma, Metastatic Prostate Adenocarcinoma, Stage IVB Prostate Cancer American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) v8, Prostatic Neoplasms, Dexamethasone, Dexamethasone acetate, Cyclophosphamide, Ichthammol, BB 1101


You can join if…

Open to males ages 18 years and up

  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign an informed consent form
  • Ability to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements
  • Adults >= 18 years of age at time of consent
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0 or 1 or 2
  • Life expectancy >= 3 months
  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed prostate adenocarcinoma
  • Metastatic status defined as at least 1 documented metastatic lesion on a bone scan, a computed tomography (computed tomography [CT] or CT/ positron emission tomography [PET]) scan, or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Must have less than 50 ng/dL testosterone
  • Must have demonstrated disease progression after treatment with 2 or more prior lines of therapies for castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), including one second generation androgen targeted agent (such as abiraterone or enzalutamide).
  • PSA defined progression after most recent directed therapy. Progression is defined as PSA increase >= 25% of baseline or absolute increase of >= 2 ug/L on two PSA measurements at least 7 days apart
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.0 x 109/L
  • Platelet count >= 100 x 109/L
  • Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin level =< 1.5 x the upper limit of normal (ULN) range
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) levels =< 2.5 × ULN or AST and ALT levels =< 5 x ULN (for participants with documented metastatic disease to the liver)
  • International normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.5 x ULN (for participants on anticoagulation they must be receiving a stable dose for at least 1 week prior to first treatment)
  • Creatinine clearance > 30 mL/min by Cockcroft-Gault formula
  • Participants with BRCA1/2 or homologous recombination (HR) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair mutations, and/ or microsatellite instability (MSI) must have received prior treatment (e.g., PARP [poly adenosine diphosphate-ribose polymerase] inhibitors or other agents) for BReast CAncer gene (BRCA)/ homologous recombination (HR) DNA repair mutation and/ or MSI
  • Participants with known active hepatitis B virus (Hep B) are allowed if antiviral therapy for hepatitis B has been given for >8 weeks and viral load is < 100 IU/mL prior to first dose of trial treatment. Participants with treated or untreated hepatitis C virus (HCV) are allowed.
  • Male participants who agree to use highly effective method of birth control with their partner (e.g., implants, injectables, birth control pills with two hormones, intrauterine devices [IUDs], complete abstinence or sterilized partner, and female sterilization) and a barrier method (e.g., condoms, vaginal ring, sponge, etc.) during the period of therapy and for 90 days after the last dose of study drug

You CAN'T join if...

  • Any condition that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent
  • A history of any other active malignancy with progression and requiring treatment/intervention, with the exception of cutaneous malignancies such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma, or the type of malignancy being studied in this protocol
  • Participants with urinary outflow obstruction that has not been treated or managed with either indwelling catheter or self-catheterization
  • Severe untreated infection that in the opinion of the investigator would interfere with participant safety or compliance on trial within 28 days prior to enrollment
  • Any condition, including concomitant disease, additional malignancies, laboratory abnormalities, or psychiatric illness, that in the opinion of the investigator would interfere with the participant's safety or compliance while on trial
  • Use of systemic therapy for the treatment of prostate adenocarcinoma within 2 weeks of initiating study treatment


  • University of California Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center accepting new patients
    Sacramento California 95817 United States

Lead Scientist at UC Cancer


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Rashmi Verma, MD
Phase 1 research study
Study Type
Expecting 12 study participants
Last Updated